NOMBRE________________________ GRADO___________________ FECHA: _______________
MOTIVO DE SUSPENSIÓN_________________________________ DÍAS______________



Years ago, there were few possibilities of choosing a way to make a living. Children traditionally did the same kind of work as their parents. But, due to tremendous scientific and technological advancements, modern man has to choose from thousands of alternatives. Therefore, when you find yourself in the dilemma of choosing your profession, you have to keep in mind that you are not only selecting a way to meet your economic needs, but also to achieve satisfaction by taking an active part in society. This implies making a self-conscious study to find out your limitations and talents as well as your temperament. Based on your personal characteristics, you should think about the most suitable social environment in which you can find an occupation that fits your way of being and that also corresponds to the current job opportunities in your country.

For example, an outgoing person should first consider a field involving contact with people such as tourism, social work or teaching and then find out the future opportunities to get a job in the different fields of his interest. An introvert could explore employment possibilities within areas that demand more meticulous concentration, like research, craftsmanship or library science. Of course, this is not a strait jacket. Your own interests are very important. Many introverts have found satisfaction in jobs demanding constant interaction with people and they have proved to be successful. It is the disposition of the individual towards a given area that presses him to overcome shyness. On the other hand, we have the case of extroverts who have had to learn the discipline of realizing careful and precise work.

Considering the difficulty of defining one's future occupation, it is also neces­sary to gather as much information as possible and to take into account other people's opinions in making a decision. But in the long run, what counts in your final decision is your own conviction about your place in society, because "where there is a will, there is a way"


Answer the following questions
Situation: One of your friends is in the dilemma of choosing a career.

1. What recommendations from the reading will you give him?
2. What recommendations from the reading will you omit?
3. What other recommendations, not included in the reading, will  you give him?


NOMBRE________________________ GRADO___________________ FECHA: _______________
MOTIVO DE SUSPENSIÓN_________________________________ DÍAS______________



The position of a mechanic in today's world is crucial, due to the development of the technology that characterizes this century. There are many machines that are in constant use to keep the world moving, and the success of a great number of enterprises depends on the proper maintenance of machinery. In fact, the slightest damage in a mechanical device may cause serious problems such as casualties and loss of money and time. The intervention of responsible and highly skilled mechanics is vital for the prevention of such problems.

Although the job of a mechanic is really hard, since it demands strength, dedication, skill and accuracy, it is rewarding because he has the satisfaction of being helpful to his fellow men in a practical and immediate way.

To offer quality service, the mechanic needs knowledge and training besides an aptitude for manual labor. That is why today there are so many institutions in which you can learn the basic principles of mechanics and their applications to different kinds of machinery such as electrical appliances, vehicles, industrial machines and computers.

But this initial training is not enough, because rapid technological advances compel mechanics to be updated. Many devices are manufactured for a short life. Consumer society creates things to be replaced by others within a brief time. In spite of the fact that machines are very important, man wiIl continue to control the world, because he produces, operates and repairs them.

1.    What does a mechanic learn in a vocational school?
2.    What are the advantages and disadvantages of a mechanic's work?
3.    What does the expression 'mechanical device' refer to?
4.    Why does a mechanic have to be up-to-date?
5.    What might happen if a mechanic doesn't work with responsibility?
6.    Personal questions
7.    Do you think that man will be replaced by mechanical devices?
8.    Do you agree that we live in a consumer society? Why?
9.    Would you like to be a mechanic?
10. What institutions in your country offer training in mechanics?


NOMBRE________________________ GRADO___________________ FECHA: ____________
MOTIVO DE SUSPENSIÓN_________________________________ DÍAS______________



Thomas Alva Edison lit up the world with his invention of the electric light. Without him, the world might still be a dark place. However, the electric light was not his only invention. He also invented the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and over 1,200 other things. About every two weeks he created something new.
Thomas A. Edison was born in Milan, Ohio, on February 11, 1847. His family moved to Port Huron, Michigan, when he was seven years old. Surprisingly, he attended school for only two months. His mother, a former teacher, taught him a few things, but Thomas was mostly self-educated. His natural curiosity led him to start experimenting at a young age with electrical and mechanical things at home.
When he was 12 years old, he got his first job. He became a newsboy on a train that ran between Port Huron and Detroit. He set up a laboratory in a baggage care of the train so that he could continue his experiments in his spare time. Unfortunately, his first work experience did not end well. Thomas was fired when he accidentally set fire to the floor of the baggage car.
Thomas then worked for five years as a telegraph operator, but he continued to spend much of his time on the job conducting experiments. He got his first patent in 1868 for a vote recorder run by electricity. However, the vote recorder was not a success. In 1870, he sold another invention, a stock-ticker, for $40,000. A stock-ticker is a machine that automatically prints stock prices on a tape. He was then able to build his first shop in Newark, New Jersey.
Thomas Edison was totally deaf in one ear and hard of hearing in the other, but thought of his deafness as a blessing in many ways. It kept conversations short, so that he could have more time for work. He called himself a "two-shift man" because he worked 16 out of every 24 hours. Sometimes he worked so intensely that his wife had to remind him to sleep and eat.
Thomas Edison died at the age of 84 on October 18, 1931, at his estate in West Orange, New Jersey. He left numerous inventions that improved the quality of life all over the world.

1. Thomas Edison did things in this order:

A    he became a telegraph operator, a newsboy, and then got his first patent
B    he became a newsboy, got his first patent, and then became a telegraph operator
C    he got a patent, became a telegraph operator, and then became a newsboy
D    he became a newsboy, a telegraph operator, and then got a patent

2. Edison considered his deafness:

A    a disadvantage
B    a blessing
C    something from a priest
D    a necessity

3. Of all the inventions, __________ was probably the most important for civilization.

A    the vote recorder
B    the stock ticker
C    the light bulb
D    the motion picture camera

4. The main idea of this passage is:

A    Thomas Edison was always interested in science and inventions, and he invented many important things.
B    Thomas Edison could not keep a job.
C    Thomas Edison worked day and night on his experiments.
D    Deaf people make good inventors because they can focus without the distraction of spoken conversation.

5. What think about the reading?


NOMBRE________________________ GRADO___________________ FECHA: ____________
MOTIVO DE SUSPENSIÓN_________________________________ DÍAS______________


World Cup

The FIFA World Cup (often called the Football World Cup, Soccer World Cup or simply the World Cup) is the most important men's competition in international football. The world's most representative team sport event, the World Cup is contested by the men's national football teams of Federation International de Football Association (FIFA) (the sport's largest governing body) member nations. The championship has been awarded every four years since the first tournament in 1930 (except in 1942 and 1946 due to World War II). However, it is more of an ongoing event as the qualifying rounds of the competition take place over the three years preceding the final rounds. In 1991, FIFA added a separate Women's World Cup.

The men's final tournament phase (often called the "Finals") involves 32 national teams competing over a four-week period in a previously nominated host nation, with these games making it the most widely-viewed sporting event in the world. In the 17 tournaments held, only seven nations have ever won the World Cup Finals. Brazil is the current holder, as well as the most successful World Cup team, having won the tournament five times, while Germany and Italy follow with three titles each. The next football World Cup Finals will be held in Germany between June 9 and July 9, 2006.

Now, answer the questions about the text.

1. The tournament takes place every four years.

We don't know.

2. In 1942 the World Cup was not played.
We don't know.

3. There are 32 teams playing the World Cup.

We don't know.

4. Only seven nations have ever won the championship.


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